Primary Education: 1947 Subsequent phase In 1947, the partition of India led to the birth of two states namely Pakistan and India and present Bangladesh was then included as East Bengal.
Primary Education History in Primary School Education
In 1948, on the recommendation of the Advisory Committee of the Fazlur Rahman Education Advisory Committee, the central government promoted primary education in East Bengal (Bangladesh) up to the fifth grade, instead of four years, and adopted a ten-year plan to introduce compulsory primary education. Later on from 1952, the fifth grade ‘primary scholarship’ examination was also arranged.
Determined as the purpose of the first five-year plan (1955-1960), the successful implementation of a universal unpaid primary education program. This is reflected in the ‘Ataur Rahman Education Commission’ formed in 1957, where, in addition to introducing unpaid compulsory education, the primary board was asked to transfer the responsibility of primary education to the provincial government instead.
Primary Education History
In this case, instead of the compulsory primary schools, a model primary school was established which would later become extinct. That is, no significant progress was made in the first five-year plan without increasing the salary of the primary teachers.
In the Second Five Year Plan (1960-65), primary education is recommended to be universal and compulsory. In the Third Five Year Plan (1965-70), it is recommended to ensure the arrival of girl students in the primary education system.
From the birth of Pakistan, discrimination between the two parts of the state, East Pakistan and West Pakistan was on the rise, and this inequality increased the political instability that resulted in the implementation of all these educational objectives.
Bangladesh period Primary Education
Bangladesh Period The Constitution of 1972, formed after the independence of Bangladesh, referred to education as the fundamental right of the citizens. Articles 15 (a), 17 and 28 (3) of the Constitution describe the state’s responsibilities towards the education of the citizens of Bangladesh.
In the development plan of the country, the government of Bangladesh gives priority to primary education at that time. On July 26, 1972, the renowned scientist and educationist Dr. according to a proposal adopted by the Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh to change the old system of education and to create an outline of a holistic education system suitable for independent sovereign Bangladesh.
In Kudrat, a committee was formed to preside over Khuda as the chairman of the Education Commission which was published in May 1974 as the ‘Bangladesh Education Commission Report’.
It was later said. In the name of Kudrat-e-Khuda, Dr. Kudrat-e-Khuda Education Commission Report is named. The Commission recommended that elementary education be compulsory from 1st to 5th grade in grades 1 through 5, though it could not be fully implemented due to political change.
directorate of primary education
In addition, the government took responsibility for the management, control, and management of a large number of primary schools through the ‘Primary School Ordinance’ on October 26, 1973, and the Primary Education Taking Over Act in 1974, as a move to infuse education in light of the principles of the 1972 constitution.
As a result, all the resources of the teachers and schools working in the 36,666 primary schools of the country were transferred to government control and at this stage, the primary education was made unpaid. Subsequently, multiple education commissions were formed and almost every commission report recommended making primary education compulsory, but it was not implemented at that time.
During the first (193-78) and second (1980-85) five-year plans, Universal Primary Education was introduced under the International Development Agency (IDA) in 44 police stations in 8 regions of the country with the help of the World Bank.
In addition, a comprehensive plan for non-formal education was adopted in the first five-year plan, such as public schools, literacy schools, feeder schools, which played a significant role in advancing primary education.
primary education board in bangladesh
In addition, the existing primary education activities remained unchanged in the interim bi-annual plan (1978-80). At the time of the adoption of the Second Five Year Plan, a separate Primary Education Department was also established for the successful development of primary education.
Later, in 1981, a law was enacted in the field of primary education, known as the ‘Elementary Education Act-1981’. Under this Act, the Local Education Authority was formed at the sub-division level and the management, control, administration, and supervision of primary education were entrusted to the local education authority.
Laws repealed before implementation
Unfortunately, the law was repealed before it could be implemented. With the issuance of administrative restructuring and decentralization ordinance in 1982, the subdivision was abolished in 1983 and the police station was upgraded to the Upazila level, and on the basis of decentralization of the Upazila administration, the education ministry handed over the responsibility of primary education management to the Upazila council.
At that time, the administration of primary education, officers and employees were sent under the control of the Upazila Parishad.
In addition, the Standing Orders on Distribution of Work, Organogram, Delegation of Financial and Administrative Powers and Authorities of the Education Division issued in 1986 by the Ministry of Education are still guiding the field of elementary education. In addition to this, there are laws and regulations regarding employment recruitment rules, discipline rules, leave, transfer, promotion, retirement, etc.
quality primary education in bangladesh
During the third Five-Year Plan (1985-90), with the introduction of the Universal Primary Education project under IDA, a national project of universal primary education was launched nationwide. The government adopted a development plan called Integrated School Development to improve primary education.
According to the plan, the overall improvement provision of primary schools is mentioned. In addition to this scheme, the Secondary Primary Education Project (SPEP) was implemented. It was the only government project implemented by the Primary Education Department to implement universal primary education.
This project is implemented jointly with the Government of Bangladesh and 4 international organizations IDA, UNICEF, CIDA and UNDP. It also arranged for the formation of SMC (School Managing Committee), PTA, UEC (Upazila Education Commission) and teacher training as a support program to increase the enrollment rate of the students in the school and end the primary education of the students.
In addition, the national curriculum and syllabus made in 1976 were renovated and developed to make elementary education more effective and free books were provided to all students. During this period, the management and management of primary education were carried out in three phases. These are the Ministry of Education, Directorate of Primary Education, Upazila Parishad and School Managing Committee.
Primary education is given the highest importance in the Fourth Five Year Plan (1990-95). In 1990, the ‘Primary Education Mandatory Act’ was adopted by the Jatiya Sangsad and on February 13 of that year, with the approval of the President, an additional number of Bangladesh Gazette were notified.
From January 1, 1992, compulsory primary education was introduced in 68 police stations across the country. In addition, the Compulsory Primary Education Implementation Monitoring Unit (CPEIM) was formed in 1990 to implement the Compulsory Primary Education Implementation Monitoring Unit (CPEIM).
primary education apps
In August 1992, a new department called Primary and Mass Education Division (PMED) was created to strengthen the primary education structure, ensure education for all and eliminate illiteracy.
Under this, ‘General Education Project-GEP’ aims to increase overall admission to primary education, co-inclusion of boys and girls students, and to improve the quality and quality of education, especially for the primary level education, curriculum, and textbooks of Dhaka, Rajshahi, Chittagong, and Khulna. ‘The three projects involved are undertaken.
In addition, the project to build schools in areas affected by natural disasters was also implemented later. In 1995, a satellite school was created for 6-10-year-old school-going children in the remote areas of Palli, and initially, 4000 schools were built across the country and the project was taken to raise the number to 6,000 by 2000, but it does not exist anymore.
In the Fifth Five Year Plan (1997-2002), most of the 23 projects undertaken for the development of primary education were implemented effectively. Later, the development plan included the ‘Food for Education Program’ and ‘Upazila Resource Center’.
primary education system in bangladesh
In addition to the development of the quality of elementary education and the implementation of various projects associated with it, the Government of Bangladesh, as well as auxiliary institutions such as Asian Development Bank (ADB), World Bank, Department for International Development (DFID), German Technical Cooperation (GTZ), International Development Agency (IDA), Islamic Development Bank (IDB), Norwegian Agency for Development (NORAD), United Nation’s Children Fund (UNICEF), Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA), USAID, Works collectively.
To this end, the Government of Bangladesh adopted a new scheme known as the Primary Education Development Program (PEDP) with financial support from ADB. Since the PEDP-I failed to achieve full success, the PEDP-II project was adopted in 2002, with the main aim of increasing student enrollment in primary education and completing the elementary education cycle, that is, helping to improve the rate of education and the quality of education.
Later, in January 2003, the Department of Primary and Mass Education was changed to the Ministry of Primary and Mass Education (MOPME). As the administrative head of the ministry, the secretary of the government.
problems of education system in bangladesh
And 2 joint secretaries, 4 deputy secretaries, 1 deputy chief, 9 senior assistant secretaries or assistant secretaries, 1 senior assistant chief, 2 assistant chiefs, 1 statistical officer and 56 employees to assist the secretary Engage in.
It is the responsibility of the Ministry to formulate the principles of primary and non-formal education, administrative management and overall supervision. However, at present, all the projects adopted to improve the quality of elementary education are being implemented under the Ministry of PEDP-II.
The education system of Bangladesh is a result of the combination of the native and western education system. Thousands of years of the Aryan or Hindu education system, the combination of Buddhist education and the latest Muslim education system, along with the Western education system.
In fact, the process of promoting and spreading western education began in this subcontinent since the discovery of the waterways by Vasco-da-Gama in India in 1498. Chronically Portuguese, Dutch, French, Danish and English missionaries carried out various educational activities in the country.
primary education logo
Currently, there is a 5-year primary education for children aged 6-10 in Bangladesh. The primary education level is considered from 1st to 5th grade and this education has been provided for all children in the age group of 6 to 10 years. However, regardless of the prescribed age limit, in fact, children in the age group of 4-5 years to 13 years in a primary school in Bangladesh.
It is to be noted that the pre-primary education system, although not previously officially pre-primary education system, has been mentioned in the ‘National Education Policy 2010’ passed in the Parliament on December 7, 2010, from 5 years of age to 1 year.
However, such pre-primary education was already introduced in many educational institutions of the country, especially in the kindergarten where children are taught about the alphabet, numbers, rhythms, etc. through sports and pleasure.
primary education subjest
At present, 9 subjects have been included in the syllabus, with a keen eye on the capability and needs of all the children enrolled in the school under the universal primary education adopted by the Government of Bangladesh. as:
- Environment Introduction
- Environmental Knowledge
- Physical Education
- Arts and Crafts
In this case, the introduction of the environment in the first and second classes is a unifying subject of society and science, but from the third to the fifth class, environmental identity, social and environmental are known, there are two different subjects called science.
There are mainly four types of schools in Bangladesh under the Ministry of Primary and Mass Education. Namely – Government Schools, Testing Schools that are affiliated with PTI, Registered Private Primary Schools and Community Schools.
Government Primary Schools and Testing Schools are fully government-run. On the other hand, the registered private primary school teachers receive 90% of their salary from the government.
And the teachers of the community schools receive a salary from the government at a fixed rate. In addition to the four types of schools mentioned, there are unregistered private elementary schools, high school adjoining primary schools, kindergarten, and some NGO-run primary schools.
In addition, there are the abedayi madrasa and the high madrassa is the affiliated abedayi madrasa (parallel to the common primary school). Previously, there was a kind of primary school called satellite school, but since 2004, these schools have been closed. That is, there are currently 10 types of primary schools in Bangladesh with a total number of 80,401, where about 10 million children are studying and the number of teachers is around three lakh.
National Education Commission
Most of the National Education Commission and National Education Policy forming committee formed in Bangladesh have been recommending introducing 8 years of primary education instead of 5 years. In addition, the National Education Policymaking Committee published a report on elementary education in 2000 where special emphasis was given on the implementation of an 8-year primary education.
According to them, primary education is the closing level for a large number of students in the country. After receiving this level of education, a large number of students have to think about entering the labor market with different occupations for life and livelihood.
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As a result, 8 years of primary education are expected to play an effective role in their lives. However, in view of the limitations of domestic resources and managerial difficulties, it has been decided that the current education period should be kept within 5 years as it is not suitable in the present context of Bangladesh.